|Chemical Abstract Number (CAS #)||
|Synonyms||Allyl chloride||1-Propene, 3-chloro-||3-Chloro-1-propene||Chloroallylene||3-Chloropropene
||EPA Method 524.2||EPA Method 8010
||EPA Method 8260
Link to the National Library of Medicine's Hazardous Substances
Database for more details
on this compound.
|Use|| IN THE SYNTHESIS OF ALLYL CMPD
SYNTHESIS OF INTERMEDIATES FOR MFR OF POLYMERS, RESINS, & PLASTICS
THERMOSETTING RESINS FOR VARNISHES, PLASTICS, ADHESIVES; SYNTHESIS OF
PHARMACEUTICALS & INSECTICIDES
CHEM INT FOR DIURETICS
CHEM INT FOR ALLYL ALCOHOL (FORMER USE)
CHEM INT FOR ALLYL STARCH (FORMER USE)
Used as a chemical intermediate for epichlorohydrin, sodium allyl sulphonate, a series of allyl
amines and quaternary ammonium salts, allyl ethers and a variety of alcohols, phenols and polyols
Used to produce barbiturate and hypnotic agents such as aprobarbital, butalbital methohexital
sodium, secobarbital, talbutal and thiamyl soidum
|Consumption Patterns|| PRIMARILY AS A CHEM INT FOR EPICHLOROHYDRIN
|Apparent Color|| COLORLESS LIQUID ; COLORLESS TO YELLOWISH BROWN OR RED LIQUID
|Odor|| UNPLEASANT, PUNGENT ODOR
|Boiling Point|| 44-45 DEG C
|Melting Point|| -134.5
|Molecular Weight|| 76.53
|Density|| 0.938 @ 20 DEG C/4 DEG C
|Odor Threshold Concentration|| Recognition of allyl chloride in air was at 4.70x10-1 ppm.
|Sensitivity Data|| Eye irritation occurs between 50 and 100 ppm. Irritation of the nose occurs at levels
below 25 ppm. This substance is a skin irritant.
Vapor is painfully irritating to the skin, eye, and nose.
|Environmental Impact|| Allyl chloride may be released to the atmosphere during its manufacture and use. It will
rapidly degrade in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals
(91% loss/day) as well as with ozone. Since the concentrations of hydroxyl radicals and ozone are
greater in polluted atmospheres, its rate of loss will be greater under these situations. It will
volatilize rapidly from water (half-life 2.6 hr in a typical river) and soil. While allyl chloride may
leach into the ground, it will not persist in ground water because it hydrolyzes (half-life 7 days).
Humans may be exposed to allyl chloride in occupational atmospheres.
|Environmental Fate|| TERRESTRIAL FATE: If spilled on land, allyl chloride will volatilize very rapidly. Its
chemical and biological degradability in soil has not been determined. Allyl chloride is poorly
adsorbed to soil.
AQUATIC FATE: Allyl chloride will volatilize rapidly from water with a half-life of 2.6 hr from a
typical river and several times longer for a lake. It hydrolyzes in water (half-life: 7.2 days at 25
ATMOSPHERIC FATE: Allyl chloride is reactive in the atmosphere and will degrade by reaction
with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals (91% loss/day) as well as by reaction with
ozone (half-life: 9 hours) which is produced in photochemical smog situations.