SPECTRUM

Chemical Fact Sheet

Chemical Abstract Number (CAS #) 107051
CASRN 107-05-1
SynonymsAllyl chloride
1-Propene, 3-chloro-
3-Chloro-1-propene
Chloroallylene
3-Chloropropene
Analytical Methods EPA Method 524.2
EPA Method 8010
EPA Method 8260
Molecular FormulaC3H5Cl

Link to the National Library of Medicine's Hazardous Substances
Database for more details on this compound.

Use IN THE SYNTHESIS OF ALLYL CMPD SYNTHESIS OF INTERMEDIATES FOR MFR OF POLYMERS, RESINS, & PLASTICS THERMOSETTING RESINS FOR VARNISHES, PLASTICS, ADHESIVES; SYNTHESIS OF PHARMACEUTICALS & INSECTICIDES CHEM INT FOR DIURETICS CHEM INT FOR ALLYL ALCOHOL (FORMER USE) CHEM INT FOR ALLYL STARCH (FORMER USE) Used as a chemical intermediate for epichlorohydrin, sodium allyl sulphonate, a series of allyl amines and quaternary ammonium salts, allyl ethers and a variety of alcohols, phenols and polyols Used to produce barbiturate and hypnotic agents such as aprobarbital, butalbital methohexital sodium, secobarbital, talbutal and thiamyl soidum
Consumption Patterns PRIMARILY AS A CHEM INT FOR EPICHLOROHYDRIN
Apparent Color COLORLESS LIQUID ; COLORLESS TO YELLOWISH BROWN OR RED LIQUID
Odor UNPLEASANT, PUNGENT ODOR
Boiling Point 44-45 DEG C
Melting Point -134.5
Molecular Weight 76.53
Density 0.938 @ 20 DEG C/4 DEG C
Odor Threshold Concentration Recognition of allyl chloride in air was at 4.70x10-1 ppm.
Sensitivity Data Eye irritation occurs between 50 and 100 ppm. Irritation of the nose occurs at levels below 25 ppm. This substance is a skin irritant. Vapor is painfully irritating to the skin, eye, and nose.
Environmental Impact Allyl chloride may be released to the atmosphere during its manufacture and use. It will rapidly degrade in the atmosphere by reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals (91% loss/day) as well as with ozone. Since the concentrations of hydroxyl radicals and ozone are greater in polluted atmospheres, its rate of loss will be greater under these situations. It will volatilize rapidly from water (half-life 2.6 hr in a typical river) and soil. While allyl chloride may leach into the ground, it will not persist in ground water because it hydrolyzes (half-life 7 days). Humans may be exposed to allyl chloride in occupational atmospheres.
Environmental Fate TERRESTRIAL FATE: If spilled on land, allyl chloride will volatilize very rapidly. Its chemical and biological degradability in soil has not been determined. Allyl chloride is poorly adsorbed to soil. AQUATIC FATE: Allyl chloride will volatilize rapidly from water with a half-life of 2.6 hr from a typical river and several times longer for a lake. It hydrolyzes in water (half-life: 7.2 days at 25 deg C). ATMOSPHERIC FATE: Allyl chloride is reactive in the atmosphere and will degrade by reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals (91% loss/day) as well as by reaction with ozone (half-life: 9 hours) which is produced in photochemical smog situations.

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