SPECTRUM

Chemical Fact Sheet

Chemical Abstract Number (CAS #) 107186
CASRN 107-18-6
SynonymsAllyl alcohol
2-Propen-1-ol
1-Propenol-3-ol
Vinyl carbinol
Analytical Methods EPA Method 8260
Molecular FormulaC3H6O

Link to the National Library of Medicine's Hazardous Substances
Database for more details on this compound.

Use MANUFACTURE OF FLAVORINGS, PERFUMES; TO DENATURE ALCOHOL MANUFACTURE OF RESINS, PLASTICIZERS, ALLYL CMPD Manufacture of fire retardants USED IN THE MANUFACTURE OF GLYCEROL USED TO REACT WITH GLYCOL FORMATE TO PRODUCE A LIQUID COATING RESIN, CR-39 (PITTSBURGH PLATE GLASS CO) USED WITHOUT FORMULATION FOR CONTROL OF GRASS SEED, & APPLIED AS DRENCH TO TOBACCO SEED BEDS. ALSO USED ON NURSERY, VEGETABLE. PLANTING CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED FROM ABOUT 3 TO 10 DAYS AFTER APPLICATION CONTACT PESTICIDE FOR WEED SEEDS & CERTAIN FUNGI PRODUCTION OF VARIOUS ALLYL ESTERS OF WHICH THE MOST IMPORTANT ARE DIALLYL PHTHALATE & DIALLYL ISOPHTHALATE WHICH SERVE AS MONOMERS & PREPOLYMERS Allyl alcohol is oxidized to prepare acrolein Herbicide, unspecified, restricted; herbicide, terrestrial, restricted. Used on celery, seed bed; ornamental plants as soil treatment; ornamental nursery plants, uncultivated agricultural areas as soil treatment. Intermediate for pharmaceuticals & other organic chemicals, military poison.
Apparent Color MOBILE LIQUID ; COLORLESS LIQUID
Odor PUNGENT, MUSTARD-LIKE
Boiling Point 96-97 DEG C
Melting Point -129 DEG C
Molecular Weight 58.08
Density 0.8540 @ 20 DEG C/4 DEG C
Odor Threshold Concentration 1.70X10-2 mg/l (gas) (odor detection in water, chemically pure) 150.0 mg/cu m 0.78 ppm Odor thresholds 1.9500 mg/cu m (low) 5.0000 mg/cu m (high).
Sensitivity Data CONCN LIKELY TO BE INJURIOUS, IN SHORT PERIOD OF TIME WILL BE PAINFUL TO EYES & NOSE. Severe eye irritation results from exposure to 25 ppm 5 ppm is slightly irritating to some individuals. Irritation of the nose begins at 10-15 ppm .
Environmental Impact Allyl alcohol is used as intermediate in the preparation of a variety of substances and has been used as a contact herbicide. When released to water allyl alcohol is not expected to volatilize, photooxidize or directly photolyze. Biodegradation is expected to be the predominant fate of allyl alcohol in water. Release of allyl alcohol to soil is expected to result in biodegradation and possible migration to groundwater. Volatilization from wet soil, direct photolysis, and bioconcentration are not expected to be significant. Volatilization from dry surfaces or soil should be significant. Release of allyl alcohol to the atmosphere is expected to result mainly in reaction with photochemically generated hydroxyl radicals with estimated half-lives of 6.03-14.7 hr. Direct photolysis is not expected to be significant. Due to the high water solubility of allyl alcohol, rainout may also occur. Allyl alcohol has been detected in human breath. Human exposure is expected to result mainly from the presence of allyl alcohol in exhaust from internal combustion engines, but some may result from use of the compound as a herbicide.
Environmental Fate Terrestrial Fate: Residue disappearance and leaching of (14)C-allyl alcohol from different soils was studied in laboratory experiments. Residue disappearance and leaching from soils was correlated negatively to the organic matter content. TERRESTRIAL FATE: Migration to groundwater and biodegradation are expected to be the predominant fates of allyl alcohol released to soil. Volatilization and direct photolysis are not expected to be significant. AQUATIC FATE: The most likely fate of allyl alcohol is expected to be biodegradation. Volatilization, direct photolysis and photooxidation are all expected to be slow processes. ATMOSPHERIC FATE: Using a 2nd order rate constant of 25.9 - 3.3 cu cm/molecule sec and an average hydroxyl radical concentration of 5X10-5 molecules/cu cm , a pseudo first order rate constant of 1.3X10-5 sec was estimated. An estimated half-life of 14.7 hr was calculated using an experimental rate constant and an average hydroxyl radical concentration(2,SRC). Using the Fate of Atmospheric Pollutants portion of GEMS, a half-life for the reaction of allyl alcohol with photochemically generated hydroxyl radicals of 6.03 hr was estimated(SRC,3). The predominant fate of allyl alcohol in the atmosphere is, therefore, expected to be reaction with hydroxyl radicals. Due to the miscibility of allyl alcohol with water , rainout may also occur. Direct photolysis is not expected to be important as allyl alcohol may not absorb significant amounts of radiation at >290 nm. EFFL: Allyl alcohol has been detected but not quantified in exhaust gases from internal combustion engines .

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