|Chemical Abstract Number (CAS #)||
|Synonyms||Allyl alcohol||2-Propen-1-ol||1-Propenol-3-ol||Vinyl carbinol
||EPA Method 8260|
Link to the National Library of Medicine's Hazardous Substances
Database for more details
on this compound.
|Use|| MANUFACTURE OF FLAVORINGS, PERFUMES; TO DENATURE ALCOHOL
MANUFACTURE OF RESINS, PLASTICIZERS, ALLYL CMPD
Manufacture of fire retardants
USED IN THE MANUFACTURE OF GLYCEROL
USED TO REACT WITH GLYCOL FORMATE TO PRODUCE A LIQUID COATING
RESIN, CR-39 (PITTSBURGH PLATE GLASS CO)
USED WITHOUT FORMULATION FOR CONTROL OF GRASS SEED, & APPLIED AS
DRENCH TO TOBACCO SEED BEDS. ALSO USED ON NURSERY, VEGETABLE.
PLANTING CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED FROM ABOUT 3 TO 10 DAYS AFTER
CONTACT PESTICIDE FOR WEED SEEDS & CERTAIN FUNGI
PRODUCTION OF VARIOUS ALLYL ESTERS OF WHICH THE MOST IMPORTANT ARE
DIALLYL PHTHALATE & DIALLYL ISOPHTHALATE WHICH SERVE AS MONOMERS
Allyl alcohol is oxidized to prepare acrolein
Herbicide, unspecified, restricted; herbicide, terrestrial, restricted. Used on celery, seed bed;
ornamental plants as soil treatment; ornamental nursery plants, uncultivated agricultural areas as
Intermediate for pharmaceuticals & other organic chemicals, military poison.
|Apparent Color|| MOBILE LIQUID ; COLORLESS LIQUID
|Odor|| PUNGENT, MUSTARD-LIKE
|Boiling Point|| 96-97 DEG C
|Melting Point|| -129 DEG C
|Molecular Weight|| 58.08
|Density|| 0.8540 @ 20 DEG C/4 DEG C
|Odor Threshold Concentration|| 1.70X10-2 mg/l (gas) (odor detection in water, chemically pure)
150.0 mg/cu m
Odor thresholds 1.9500 mg/cu m (low) 5.0000 mg/cu m (high).
|Sensitivity Data|| CONCN LIKELY TO BE INJURIOUS, IN SHORT PERIOD OF TIME WILL BE
PAINFUL TO EYES & NOSE.
Severe eye irritation results from exposure to 25 ppm 5 ppm is slightly irritating to some
Irritation of the nose begins at 10-15 ppm .
|Environmental Impact|| Allyl alcohol is used as intermediate in the preparation of a variety of substances and has
been used as a contact herbicide. When released to water allyl alcohol is not expected to
volatilize, photooxidize or directly photolyze. Biodegradation is expected to be the predominant
fate of allyl alcohol in water. Release of allyl alcohol to soil is expected to result in biodegradation
and possible migration to groundwater. Volatilization from wet soil, direct photolysis, and
bioconcentration are not expected to be significant. Volatilization from dry surfaces or soil should
be significant. Release of allyl alcohol to the atmosphere is expected to result mainly in reaction
with photochemically generated hydroxyl radicals with estimated half-lives of 6.03-14.7 hr. Direct
photolysis is not expected to be significant. Due to the high water solubility of allyl alcohol,
rainout may also occur. Allyl alcohol has been detected in human breath. Human exposure is
expected to result mainly from the presence of allyl alcohol in exhaust from internal combustion
engines, but some may result from use of the compound as a herbicide.
|Environmental Fate|| Terrestrial Fate: Residue disappearance and leaching of (14)C-allyl alcohol from different
soils was studied in laboratory experiments. Residue disappearance and leaching from soils was
correlated negatively to the organic matter content.
TERRESTRIAL FATE: Migration to groundwater and biodegradation are expected to be the
predominant fates of allyl alcohol released to soil. Volatilization and direct photolysis are not
expected to be significant.
AQUATIC FATE: The most likely fate of allyl alcohol is expected to be biodegradation.
Volatilization, direct photolysis and photooxidation are all expected to be slow processes.
ATMOSPHERIC FATE: Using a 2nd order rate constant of 25.9 - 3.3 cu cm/molecule sec
and an average hydroxyl radical concentration of 5X10-5 molecules/cu cm , a pseudo first order
rate constant of 1.3X10-5 sec was estimated. An estimated half-life of 14.7 hr was
calculated using an experimental rate constant and an average hydroxyl radical
concentration(2,SRC). Using the Fate of Atmospheric Pollutants portion of GEMS, a half-life for
the reaction of allyl alcohol with photochemically generated hydroxyl radicals of 6.03 hr was
estimated(SRC,3). The predominant fate of allyl alcohol in the atmosphere is, therefore, expected
to be reaction with hydroxyl radicals. Due to the miscibility of allyl alcohol with water , rainout
may also occur. Direct photolysis is not expected to be important as allyl alcohol may not absorb
significant amounts of radiation at >290 nm.
EFFL: Allyl alcohol has been detected but not quantified in exhaust gases from internal
combustion engines .