SPECTRUM

Chemical Fact Sheet

Chemical Abstract Number (CAS #) 108952
CASRN 108-95-2
SynonymsPhenol
Carbolic acid
Benzene, hydroxy-
Phenyl hydroxide
Hydroxybenzene
Oxybenzene
Analytical Methods EPA Method 604
EPA Method 625
EPA Method 8040A
EPA Method 8270
Molecular FormulaC6H6O

Link to the National Library of Medicine's Hazardous Substances
Database for more details on this compound.

Use GENERAL DISINFECTANT IN SOLN OR MIXED WITH SLAKED LIME, ETC, FOR TOILETS, STABLES, CESSPOOLS, FLOORS, DRAINS, ETC; MFR OF COLORLESS OR LIGHT-COLORED ARTIFICIAL RESINS, MANY MEDICAL & INDUST ORG CMPD & DYES; REAGENT IN CHEM ANALYSIS /PHENOL IS STILL STD AGAINST WHICH OTHER ANTISEPTICS ARE COMPARED PHENOL IS BACTERIOSTATIC IN CONCN OF APPROX 0.2%, BACTERICIDAL ABOVE 1%, & FUNGICIDAL ABOVE 1.3% CHEM INT FOR PHENOLIC RESINS & BISPHENOL A CHEM INT FOR CAPROLACTAM VIA CYCLOHEXANONE CHEM INT FOR XYLENOLS, ESP 2,6-XYLENOL & CRESOLS CHEM INT FOR NONYL-, DODECYL-, & OTHER ALKYLPHENOLS CHEM INT FOR ADIPIC ACID VIA CYCLOHEXANOL CHEM INT FOR O-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID CHEM INT FOR PLASTICIZERS-EG, CRESYL DIPHENYL PHOSPHATE CHEM INT FOR 2,4-DICHLOROPHENOL & DERIVS CHEM INT FOR PENTACHLOROPHENOL & 2,4,6-TRINITROPHENOL EXTRACTIVE SOLVENT FOR PETROLEUM REFINING CHEM INT FOR MEDICINALS-EG, PHENOLPHTHALEIN CHEM INT FOR DYES-EG, AZO DYES BLOCKING AGENT FOR BLOCKED ISOCYANATE MONOMERS PRESERVATIVE-EG, IN PNEUMOCOCCAL POLYSACCHARIDE VACCINE ANALYTICAL REAGENT-EG, FOR CHOLESTEROL PEPTIZING AGENT IN GLUE AS PHARMACEUTIC AID (ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT) VET: PHENOL HAS BEEN USED INTERNALLY AS ANTISEPTIC & GASTRIC ANESTHETIC Used in germicidal paints and slimicides Phenol is a disinfectant effective against vegetative Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and certain viruses.
Consumption Patterns CHEM INT FOR PHENOLIC RESINS, 43.0%; CHEM INT FOR BISPHENOL A, 20.9%; CHEM INT FOR CAPROLACTAM, 17.0%; CHEM INT FOR XYLENOLS, 6.8%; CHEM INT FOR NONYLPHENOL, 2.7%; CHEM INT FOR ADIPIC ACID, 1.8%; CHEM INT FOR O-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID, 1.3%; CHEM INT FOR DODECYLPHENOL, 1.1%; OTHER, 5.4% (1980) Phenolic resins, 45%; bisphenol-A, 20%; caprolactam, 13%; alkylphenols, 5%; xylenols and cresols, 5%; aniline, 3%; exports, 4%; misc, 5% (1985) Adhesives, 60%; plastics, 20% (1985) About half of USA phenol consumption is directly related to the housing and construction industries, while an additional 12-15% is related to automotive applications. The manufacture of phenolic resins remains by far the largest single use of phenol, at 1.182 billion lb in 1987, with growth of 0.5% to 1.188 billion, in 1988. CHEMICAL PROFILE: Phenol. Phenolic resins, 38%; bisphenol-A, 23%; caprolactam, 17%; alkylphenols, 4%; xylenols, 4%; aniline, 3%; miscellaneous, 5%; exports, 6%. CHEMICAL PROFILE: Phenol. Demand: 1986: 2,290 million lb; 1987: 3,100 million lb; 1991 /projected/: 3,300 million lb (Includes exports, imports are negligible).
Apparent Color COLORLESS, ACICULAR CRYSTALS OR WHITE, CRYSTALLINE MASS ; Colorless to light pink, interlaced, or separate, needleshaped crystals, or a light pink, crystalline mass
Odor HAS DISTINCT, AROMATIC, SOMEWHAT SICKENING SWEET & ACRID ODOR ; WHEN PERFECTLY PURE, PHENOL IS DEVOID OF ODOR OF CRESOL, BUT IT HAS PECULIAR AROMATIC ODOR WHICH IS NOT DISAGREEABLE ; Sweet, tarry odor
Boiling Point 181.75 deg C AT 760 MM HG
Melting Point 43 deg C
Molecular Weight 94.11
Density 1.0576 @ 20 deg C/4 deg C
Odor Threshold Concentration The phenol odor threshold of 19 people was measured and the lowest range of concentrations detected was 0.022-0.094 mg/cu m (0.006-0.024 ppm). Threshold odor concentration: 0.047-0.5 ppm; Absolute odor threshold: 0.048 ppm; Recognition threshold: median 0.65 ppm, upper-16.4 ppm; Population identification threshold: 0.01-0.47 ppm. In water odor detection threshold: 5.90 ppm chemically pure/; In air odor recognition threshold: 4.70x10-2 ppm; chemically pure/; In air odor detection threshold: 1.00 ppm purity not specified/; In air odor recognition threshold 4.70x10-2 ppm pure/; In air odor threshold (type not specified): 7.70x10 10 molecules/cu cm purity not specified/; In air odor threshold (type not specified): 2.60x10 11 molecules/cu cm purity not specified/; In water taste threshold (type not specified): 6.00x10 1 ppm purity not specified/; Odor threshold (medium & type of threshold not specified): 1.05x10 2 ppm purity not specified/; Taste detection threshold in synthetic deodorized butter:

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