SPECTRUM

Chemical Fact Sheet

Chemical Abstract Number (CAS #) 79016
CASRN 79-01-6
SynonymsTrichloroethylene
Trichloroethene
Ethene, trichloro
Ethylene trichloride
TCE
Analytical Methods EPA Method 502.2
EPA Method 503.1
EPA Method 524.2
EPA Method 601
EPA Method 624
EPA Method 8010
EPA Method 8021
EPA Method 8260
Molecular FormulaC2HCl3

Link to the National Library of Medicine's Hazardous Substances
Database for more details on this compound.

Use IN DEGREASING, IN DRY CLEANING; IN MFG ORG CHEM & PHARMACEUTICALS IN GAS PURIFICATION, AS A SOLVENT OF SULFUR & PHOSPHORUS REFRIGERANT & HEAT EXCHANGE LIQUID; DILUENT IN PAINTS & ADHESIVES; TEXTILE PROCESSING; AEROSPACE OPERATIONS (FLUSHING LIQUID OXYGEN) CLEANING SOLVENT, ESP IN VAPOR DEGREASING CHAIN TERMINATOR IN PRODN OF POLYVINYL CHLORIDE SWELLING AGENT IN DISPERSE DYEING OF POLYESTERS AGENT IN REMOVAL OF BASTING THREADS IN TEXTILE PROCESSING CHEM INT FOR 1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHYL SULFENYL CHLORIDE SOLVENT IN ADHESIVES & PAINT-STRIPPING FORMULATIONS HEAT TRANSFER MEDIUM-EG, IN CASE HARDENING OF METALS SOLVENT BASE FOR METAL PHOSPHATIZING SYSTEMS SOLVENT IN CHARACTERIZATION TEST FOR ASPHALT ENTRAINER FOR RECOVERY OF FORMIC ACID EXTRACTION SOLVENT-EG, FOR CAFFEINE Used as household cleaner; with trichloroethane it is used in most typewriter correction fluid. /SRP: Former use Used in wool-fabric scouring Extractant for spice oleoresins. Intermediate in the production of pentachloroethane. Carrier solvent for the active ingredients of insecticides, and fungicides. Medication (Vet): Inhalation anesthetic. Former use
Consumption Patterns Demand: (1982): 240 million pounds; (1983): Est 235 million pounds; 1987: Est 215 million pounds. Vapor degreasing of fabricated metal parts, 80%; chemical intermediate, 5%; miscellaneous used, 5%; exports, 10% (1985) Vapor degreasing of fabricated metal parts, 66%; chemical intermediates, miscellaneous domestic uses, 5%; exports, 22%. CLEANING SOLVENT, 89%; CHAIN TERMINATOR, 9%; OTHER, 2% (1980 EST)
Apparent Color CLEAR, COLORLESS, OR BLUE MOBILE LIQUID
Odor Ethereal odor ; CHLOROFORM-LIKE ODOR ; Sweet odor
Boiling Point 87 DEG C
Melting Point -73 DEG C
Molecular Weight 131.40
Density 1.4649 @ 20 DEG C/4 DEG C
Odor Threshold Concentration 10 mg/l (in water) Purity not specified 5.00X10-1 mg/l (liquid) (detection in water) 2.14X10 1 ppm (recognition in air) (chemically pure)
Sensitivity Data Exposure to trichloroethylene vapor may cause irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. Liquid: irritating to skin and eyes.
Drinking Water Impact SURFACE WATER: 1-24 ppb industrial rivers in US, with Lake Erie - 188 ppb, 88 of

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