How to properly use a drill? The drill is probably the most useful tool to have in your trunk. Indeed, it will not only allow you to drill holes, but also to drive screws in most materials including wood and even concrete. There are different models, some basic and others for heavier work. In addition, you have the choice between a corded or cordless drill, between a drill or hammer driver, and a few other options.
There is therefore something for all tastes and needs, but it can be difficult to make the right choice if you have never had to use a drill. So follow our advice to choose the right one for you and to learn how to use a drill properly.
1. The different types of drills
There are several types of drills, corded or cordless, for light or heavier jobs. Depending on your use, you can choose from these most common types of drills:
Screwdriver drill: Perfect for the occasional handyman, the cordless drill-driver will allow you to drill and screw in materials such as wood and Placoplâtre, assemble furniture, etc.
Hammer drill: Need to drill or screw into a hard material like concrete instead? This is the drill for you. This drill is available corded or cordless.
Puncher: For big jobs that require strength, including drilling concrete or stone, you have to turn to the perforator. Available with or without cord, it is however not recommended for more friable materials.
Of course, there are many more, including the pneumatic drill, the angle drill and the drill press. Analyze your needs carefully before making your choice. Most do-it-yourselfers equip themselves with two drills: the screwdriver drill for small jobs and the hammer drill for jobs requiring more force.
2. Useful accessories for drills
In addition to getting a drill that meets your needs, you will need to buy certain accessories to be able to use your drill to its full potential:
Screwdriver bits: Get a kit containing all types of bits: Phillips, flat, etc. Choose a set that includes bits of different lengths as well as a bit holder that makes them easy to use.
Bits for wood: Also available as a kit, opt for a set of drill bits for wood and Placoplâtre, in different sizes and lengths.
Forests: Whether it’s concrete or metal, you’ll need to choose a drill specifically designed for the purpose. This is because drill bits for wood may break if you try to drill into a hard material.
The battery: If you’ve opted for a cordless drill, buying an extra battery is a great idea. This will allow you to continue working while a battery is on charge.
The drill guide: Useful tool for beginners or for work requiring a lot of attention to detail, this accessory allows you to drill and screw at a right angle, without deviation.
Additionally, you could get a mixer/mixer designed for mixing paint, fillers and other liquid materials, or hole saws for drilling large diameter holes.
The use of a drill is not very complicated, however, the settings may require a little more attention. Indeed, you will have to choose the speed and the clutch, depending on the material to be drilled/screwed. Read the manufacturer’s instructions carefully before starting your work, and be sure to wear protective glasses and work gloves.
Adjust speed: Most drills have two or three speeds. Setting 1 combines low speed and high torque and is best suited for screwdriving. Setting 2 is medium speed/torque and can be used for drilling. Setting 3 is the highest speed and is intended for drilling or setting fasteners.
Adjust the clutch: The clutch adjustment is the most important function. You will see a list of numbers from 1 to 10 or 20. The higher the number, the greater the torque. To adjust your clutch, line up the arrow with a lower setting and start screwing. If there is too much resistance, the clutch will disengage the motor. Adjust the clutch to a higher number and find the sweet spot.
Choosing the drill or bit: Choose a drill bit for wood, or a drill bit for any other hard materials like concrete or stone. To drill a hole, it is better to start with a bit or a small drill bit, then go back to a slightly larger accessory.
How to put a drill bit in a drill press: To attach drill bits, bits, or bits, you need to open the chuck, which will spread the teeth wide enough for you to slide the bit through. Rotate the chuck sleeve counterclockwise. Insert the accessory and tighten it by turning the sleeve clockwise until you hear a click or it stops.
The use of the drill: That’s it, you’re ready to start. Sit comfortably, at an angle perpendicular to the hole you have to drill, and so that you can lean on the drill with your body. Start drilling at low speed, and increase it gradually, depending on the resistance offered by the material. If the resistance is too great, take breaks to avoid overheating the drill bit or bit, as well as your drill motor.
Do you also have a new laser level or do you want to buy one? Come read our full guide here: How to use a laser level?