The United States will create the largest marine nature reserve in the world in Hawaii

In Hawaii, in the United States, a marine nature reserve will see its surface area quadrupled, as announced by President Barack Obama. An expansion that will make this reserve the largest marine nature reserve in the world, with an area more than twice that of the whole of France.

This Wednesday, August 31, 2016, the President of the United States of America, Barack Obama, will travel to his birthplace in Hawaii to make one of the state’s largest marine nature reserves in the world. . It is the protected area of ​​the marine reserve of Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monumentlocated in the Pacific Ocean, which will see its surface area quadrupled.

An exceptional expansion that will allow the area of ​​this marine nature reserve to reach some 1.51 million km², or to better understand us, more than twice that of the whole of French territory (DOM-TOM therefore included ), or almost the area of ​​a country like Mongolia (1,564,116 km²). As the White House explained, the President will travel to Midway Atoll, located inside the reserve itself, to deliver a speech emphasizing that climate change  » makes it more necessary than ever to protect federal waters and lands“.

To date, more than 7,000 marine species evolve within the Marine Nature Reserve of Papahanaumokuakea, with, among these species, black coral which is capable of living for more than 4,500 years, a species listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). Since 2010, this marine nature reserve has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, since  » the area is home to many terrestrial and marine species, endangered or threatened, some of which depend solely on the Papahanaumokuakea for their survival“, as can be read on the UNESCO website.

Sources: s&a, UNESCO

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